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Publications (20)


Norwegian municipalities bringing social services back into public hands (by Bjørn Pettersen and Nina Monsen)

This article discusses the processes of remunicipalisation in Norway. In recent years, 21 services have been de-privatised and brought back into public hands in municipalities across the country. This wave of de-privatisations comes after a change in political leadership in many municipalities after the local elections of 2015. Cooperation between the trade unions, the municipal administrations and the local politicians has been fundamental in these remunicipalisation processes.


Remunicipalization: The future of water services? (by David A. McDonald)

This paper develops a typology of different ideological forms of remunicipalization, identifying key stakeholders and the nature of their support, as well as indicating prevalent formats and regional trends. My hypothesis is that remunicipalization will continue in the medium term due to widespread dissatisfaction with privatization, but that differences within the re- municipalization movement, combined with resistance from powerful multilateral actors, may make it difficult to sustain.


Remunicipalization, the Low-Carbon Transition, and Energy Democracy (by Andrew Cumbers)

The term “remunicipalization” has become associated with a global trend to reverse the privatization wave that swept many countries—both industrialized and developing—in the 1980s and 1990s. In particular, remunicipalization processes in the energy sector have the potential to create significant momentum in combating climate change. What is behind these developments?


Our City, Our Grid: The energy remunicipalisation trend in Germany (By Sören Becker)

This chapter gives an account of remunicipalisations in the German energy sector, and is divided into two main parts. The first section discusses the different factors enabling remunicipalisation. The second section turns to the politics and strategies behind two remunicipalisation cases in Hamburg, contrasting a more consensual and top-down variant of remunicipalisation with one that involved more conflictual public mobilisation and direct democracy.


Water Justice Toolkit "Public Water for All". Part 1: Remunicipalization: a practical guide for communities and policy makers

The water justice toolkit is the joint effort of organizations and grassroots groups from around the world, that are loosely connected through the global water justice movement. "Public Water for All" is the first module of the toolkit and includes tools to support local campaigns to defend and reclaim public water and sanitation services. This guide is designed to give local activists and decision makers a better understanding of this growing trend, and provide some strategies about how to move forward with local remunicipalization campaigns.


Water remunicipalisation as a global trend: Calling for progressive policies

Conference paper presented at: “Encuentro de Ciudades por el Agua Pública” (City of Madrid, 3 - 4 November 2016) This paper looks at the growing remunicipalisation of water supply and sanitation services as an emerging global trend, and discusses the most complete overview of remunicipalisation cases so far. The remunicipalisation trend is a striking fact that could not be predicted as recently as 15 years ago, and that is redesigning the landscape of the global water sector. This trend contradicts neoliberal theorists, international financial institutions, and their expectations of superior private sector performance.